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Children's rights

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  • Article 1: Rights for everyone under 18

    Everyone under 18 has these rights.

  • Article 2: You have the right to protection against discrimination

    All children have these rights, no matter who they are, where they live, what their parents do, what language they speak, what their religion is, whether they are a boy or girl, what their culture is, whether they have a disability, whether they are rich or poor. No child should be treated unfairly for any reason.

  • Article 3: Anyone making decisions that affect young people should make young people's interests a high priotiry

    All adults should do what is best for you. When adults make decisions, they should think about how their decisions will affect children.

  • Article 4: The Government has promised to make rights a reality for young people

    The government has a responsibility to make sure your rights are protected. They must help your family to protect your rights and create an environment where you can grow and reach your potential.

  • Article 5: Parents' rights to advise and guide you change as you grow up

    Your family has the responsibility to help you learn to exercise your rights, and to ensure that your rights are protected.

  • Article 6: Children and young people have the right to survive and develop and the Government should give as much help as is needed

    You have the right to be alive.

  • Article 7: U.N. convention on the rights of the child

    You have the right to a name, and this should be officially recognized by the government. You have the right to a nationality (to belong to a country).

  • Article 8: You have the right to an identity

    You have the right to an identity – an official record of who you are. No one should take this away from you.

  • Article 9: You should be able to stay with your parents, unless they can't look after you properly

    You have the right to live with your parent(s), unless it is bad for you. You have the right to live with a family who cares for you.

  • Article 10: If you and your parents are living in different countries, you have thr right to get back together and live in the same place

    If you live in a different country than your parents do, you have the right to be together in the same place.

  • Article 11: You should not be kidnapped

    You have the right to be protected from kidnapping.

  • Article 12: You should have a say in decisions that affect you

    You have the right to give your opinion, and for adults to listen and take it seriously.

  • Article 13: You should be able to express yourself freely, while respecting other people's rights

    You have the right to find out things and share what you think with others, by talking, drawing, writing or in any other way unless it harms or offends other people.

  • Article 14: You have the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion while respecting other people's rights

    You have the right to choose your own religion and beliefs. Your parents should help you decide what is right and wrong, and what is best for you.

  • Article 15: You should be able to join things and meet people so long as you don't endanger or threaten others

    You have the right to choose your own friends and join or set up groups, as long as it isn't harmful to others.

  • Article 16: You should be able to keep things private, unless the law says there's a reason why you can't

    You have the right to privacy.

  • Article 17: You have the right to collect information from the media

    You have the right to get information that is important to your well-being, from radio, newspaper, books, computers and other sources. Adults should make sure that the information you are getting is not harmful, and help you find and understand the information you need.

  • Article 18: Parents should work together to do what's best for you

    You have the right to be raised by your parent(s) if possible.

  • Article 19: You have the right to be protected from abuse or neglect by parents or carers

    You have the right to be protected from being hurt and mistreated, in body or mind.

  • Article 20: You should get special help and care if you can't live with your family

    You have the right to special care and help if you cannot live with your parents.

  • Article 21: You should only be adopted if it is properly regulated and is the best thing for the child

    You have the right to care and protection if you are adopted or in foster care.

  • Article 22: Refugees should get help to make sure their rights are respected

    You have the right to special protection and help if you are a refugee (if you have been forced to leave your home and live in another country), as well as all the rights in this Convention.

  • Article 23: If you are disabled you have the right to special care and education and to be included in the community

    You have the right to special education and care if you have a disability, as well as all the rights in this Convention, so that you can live a full life.

  • Article 24: You should get the best health care possible

    You have the right to the best health care possible, safe water to drink, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help you stay well.

  • Article 25: If the council looks after you, it should keep checking you are ok

    If you live in care or in other situations away from home, you have the right to have these living arrangements looked at regularly to see if they are the most appropriate.

  • Article 26: You have the right to help from the government if you are poor or in need.

    You have the right to help from the government if you are poor or in need.

  • Article 27: You have the right to a good enough standard of living

    You have the right to food, clothing, a safe place to live and to have your basic needs met. You should not be disadvantaged so that you can't do many of the things other kids can do.

  • Article 28: You have the right to an education

    You have the right to a good quality education. You should be encouraged to go to school to the highest level you can.

  • Article 29: Education should teach you to respect other people and the environment

    Your education should help you use and develop your talents and abilities. It should also help you learn to live peacefully, protect the environment and respect other people.

  • Article 30: You should be able to use your own language and enjoy the culture of your community in Scotland

    You have the right to practice your own culture, language and religion - or any you choose. Minority and indigenous groups need special protection of this right.

  • Article 31: You have the right to relax, play music, play sports and drama

    You have the right to play and rest.

  • Article 32: You have the right to be protected from dangerous or exploitive work

    You have the right to protection from work that harms you, and is bad for your health and education. If you work, you have the right to be safe and paid fairly.

  • Article 33: You have the right to protection from illegal drugs

    You have the right to protection from harmful drugs and from the drug trade.

  • Article 34: You have the right to protection from sexual exploitation

    You have the right to be free from sexual abuse.

  • Article 35: Nobody is allowed to kidnap or sell you

    No one is allowed to kidnap or sell you.

  • Article 36: Children should be protected against any activities that could harm their development

    You have the right to protection from any kind of exploitation (being taken advantage of).

  • Article 37: If young people absolutely have to be locked up, they should be treated with dignity and helped to keep contact with their families

    No one is allowed to punish you in a cruel or harmful way.

  • Article 38: You should not be recruited into the armed forces or be made to fight

    You have the right to protection and freedom from war. Children under 15 cannot be forced to go into the army or take part in war.

  • Article 39: If you have been treated badly, you should be helped to recover

    You have the right to help if you've been hurt, neglected or badly treated.

  • Article 40: Young people accused of crimes should be helped through the legal process, which should take account of the young person's needs

    You have the right to legal help and fair treatment in the justice system that respects your rights.

  • Article 41: Where our laws give young people more rights, we should stick with them

    If the laws of your country provide better protection of your rights than the articles in this Convention, those laws should apply.

  • Article 42: All adults and children should know about the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child

    You have the right to know your rights! Adults should know about these rights and help you learn about them, too.

  • Articles 43 to 54

    These articles explain how governments and international organizations like UNICEF will work to ensure children are protected with their rights

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All children and young people up to the age of 18 years old have rights under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

The UK adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) on 16 December 1991. That means the UK government now has to make sure that every child has the rights in the treaty.

These rights include:

  • The right to life
  • The right to be protected from being hurt or mistreated
  • The right to an education
  • The right to safety from being kidnapped or sold into slavery
  • The right to be free from being taken advantage of sexually
  • The right to play and rest.

 

Who to Call

If you are unhappy or worried about something speak to your teacher or an adult that you trust.

  • ChildLine0800 1111
  • Police Scotland101
  • Social Work0300 300 1199
  • Social Work (Out Of Hours)0300 343 1505
  • NSPCC Helpline0800 800 5000