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Children's Rights

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  • Article 1: All Children have rights!

    Everyone under 18 has these rights.

  • Article 2: You shouldn't be treated badly because you seem different

    All children have these rights, no matter who they are, where they live, what their parents do, what language they speak, what their religion is, whether they are a boy or girl, what their culture is, whether they have a disability, whether they are rich or poor. No child should be treated unfairly for any reason.

  • Article 3: We should always do what's best for you

    All adults should do what is best for you. When adults make decisions, they should think about how their decisions will affect children.

  • Article 4: The government should make sure your rights are respected

    The government has a responsibility to make sure your rights are protected. They must help your family to protect your rights and create an environment where you can grow and reach your potential.

  • Article 5: You should be able to get help from your parents to make the right decisions

    Your family has the responsibility to help you learn to exercise your rights, and to ensure that your rights are protected.

  • Article 6: Everyone should let you live and grow

    You have the right to be alive.

  • Article 7: I have a right to a name and country

    You have the right to a name, and this should be officially recognized by the government. You have the right to a nationality (to belong to a country).

  • Article 8: You have a right to know who you are and nobody should change that unless it is really important

    You have the right to an identity – an official record of who you are. No one should take this away from you.

  • Article 9: You have a right to be cared safely for by both parents, even if they live in different places

    You have the right to live with your parent(s), unless it is bad for you. You have the right to live with a family who cares for you.

  • Article 10: Governments should help you and your parents get together

    If you live in a different country than your parents do, you have the right to be together in the same place.

  • Article 11: You should not be taken to live away from the country you are supposed to stay in

    You have the right to be protected from kidnapping.

  • Article 12: You should have a say in decisions that affect you

    You have the right to give your opinion, and for adults to listen and take it seriously.

  • Article 13: You should be able to say what you think in lots of different ways

    You have the right to find out things and share what you think with others, by talking, drawing, writing or in any other way unless it harms or offends other people.

  • Article 14: Parents can help you think about different religions

    You have the right to choose your own religion and beliefs. Your parents should help you decide what is right and wrong, and what is best for you.

  • Article 15: You should be able to meet friends, unless there is a good reason why not

    You have the right to choose your own friends and join or set up groups, as long as it isn't harmful to others.

  • Article 16: You have the right to keep some things private

    You have the right to privacy.

  • Article 17: You can get information in lots of ways - so long as it's safe

    You have the right to get information that is important to your well-being, from radio, newspaper, books, computers and other sources. Adults should make sure that the information you are getting is not harmful, and help you find and understand the information you need.

  • Article 18: Parents should get the help they need to look after you

    You have the right to be raised by your parent(s) if possible.

  • Article 19: The people who look after you should not hurt you

    You have the right to be protected from being hurt and mistreated, in body or mind.

  • Article 20: If you can't live with your parents, other nice people should look after you

    You have the right to special care and help if you cannot live with your parents.

  • Article 21: Where children are adopted, it must be because that is what is best for them, not other people

    You have the right to care and protection if you are adopted or in foster care.

  • Article 22: If your home country is dangerous, you should be able to move somewhere safe

    You have the right to special protection and help if you are a refugee (if you have been forced to leave your home and live in another country), as well as all the rights in this Convention.

  • Article 23: Children with disabilities should be helped to take part in things

    You have the right to special education and care if you have a disability, as well as all the rights in this Convention, so that you can live a full life.

  • Article 24: You should get the best health care possible

    You have the right to the best health care possible, safe water to drink, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help you stay well.

  • Article 25: If you are not living with your family, people should keep checking you are safe and happy

    If you live in care or in other situations away from home, you have the right to have these living arrangements looked at regularly to see if they are the most appropriate.

  • Article 26: You should have a proper house, food and clothing

    You have the right to help from the government if you are poor or in need.

  • Article 27: Your family should get the money they need to help bring you up

    You have the right to food, clothing, a safe place to live and to have your basic needs met. You should not be disadvantaged so that you can't do many of the things other kids can do.

  • Article 28: You have a right to an education

    You have the right to a good quality education. You should be encouraged to go to school to the highest level you can.

  • Article 29: Education should help you care for the world

    Your education should help you use and develop your talents and abilities. It should also help you learn to live peacefully, protect the environment and respect other people.

  • Article 30: Nobody should stop you speaking your own language or following your family's way of life

    You have the right to practice your own culture, language and religion - or any you choose. Minority and indigenous groups need special protection of this right.

  • Article 31: You have a right to play!

    You have the right to play and rest.

  • Article 32: You should not be made to do dangerous work

    You have the right to protection from work that harms you, and is bad for your health and education. If you work, you have the right to be safe and paid fairly.

  • Article 33: You should be protected from bad drugs

    You have the right to protection from harmful drugs and from the drug trade.

  • Article 34: Nobody should touch you in ways that make you feel uncomfortable, unsafe or sad

    You have the right to be free from sexual abuse.

  • Article 35: You should not be kidnapped

    No one is allowed to kidnap or sell you.

  • Article 36: Children should be protected from any activities that could harm their development

    You have the right to protection from any kind of exploitation (being taken advantage of).

  • Article 37: Children should not be punished in the same way as adults

    No one is allowed to punish you in a cruel or harmful way.

  • Article 38: You should not have to join the army or fight in wars

    You have the right to protection and freedom from war. Children under 15 cannot be forced to go into the army or take part in war.

  • Article 39: You should be helped to get better if you are hurt or neglected

    You have the right to help if you've been hurt, neglected or badly treated.

  • Article 40: If you do something wrong you should be treated fairly

    You have the right to legal help and fair treatment in the justice system that respects your rights.

  • Article 41: Where our country treats children better than the U.N. says we need to, we should keep up the good work!

    If the laws of your country provide better protection of your rights than the articles in this Convention, those laws should apply.

  • Article 42: Everyone should know about the Convention on the rights of a child

    You have the right to know your rights! Adults should know about these rights and help you learn about them, too.

  • Article 43 to 54: Best interests

    These articles explain how governments and international organizations like UNICEF will work to ensure children are protected with their rights

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Who to Call

If you are unhappy or worried about something speak to your teacher or an adult that you trust.

  • ChildLine0800 1111
  • Police Scotland101
  • Social Work0300 300 1199
  • Social Work (Out Of Hours)0300 343 1505
  • NSPCC Helpline0800 800 5000
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